The complete name of the founder is Salvador Pascual García. He was the first employee in Payá, where he worked during a few years, and learnt the trade of tinsmith. In 1912, he decided to start his own company together with his brother-in-law Gaspar Valls Verdú. The company took its name from the first two letters of their first surnames: PA y VA or PAYVASA (where “y” means “and” and S.A. stands for “Sociedad Anónima” or “Public Corp.”).
Those days, the company produced different machines for the production of ice-cream, pick-iced lemon, horchata and similar products, which are very popular in this coastal region of Spain named Community of Valencia. In the 60s, they expanded their production line with machines to make wafers and ice cream cornets, washing machines, presses, whisks… as it can be seen in these classified ads taken from “La Vanguardia” (at the time “La Vanguardia Española”, a newspaper printed in Barcelona) the 24th March 1963.
Since they had to build many tin pieces for all those machines, they expanded the production once more during the 60s, and started producing toys, most of them made of tin. There were many different types of toys made: cars (in several scales), planes, trains, tanks, helicopters, toys similar to this one, even tin lunchboxes… until their closure in 1985. Note that most toys were made in tin, although by the end of the 70s and the 80s, some (completely or partly) plastic toys were produced. One example of this are these Jeeps.
The factory/warehouse of the company was settled in Calle Santa Elena, Ibi.
The toy presented in this entry is a small tinplate with one rail in which the tank is inserted, so it can move along that rail all over the plate. Especially nice is the tunnel, and the illustration on the tinplate, with many war scenes. The rails can be pushed or pulled to direct the tank to one side or the other (note that there are two loops, one at each side of the tunnel).
A very similar toy, using the same tinplate or another one, is one in which a vehicle move freely around the plate. Instead of rails, the plate has a frame to prevent the small vehicle from falling off. There were two models of this toy, one with a Tank, and another one with a bumper car named “Pista Carrusel”.
Another toy using the same plate but with different mechanism. Note that this one includes the manufacturer's name below the word "Salida". Pic was taken from todocoleccion.net.
I have recently discovered that the toy was later manufactured by Geyper. In fact, my tank is probably made by this other Company, because otherwise it would have that "Pascual y Valls" mark on the side. Geyper did not use any logo on this model, but would later use the "red dot" logo on the tin plate of similar toys.
|Here's the original box of the toy, taken from castrotoys-vintageradioradiosantiguas.blogspot.com|
FACTS and FIGURES:
- Name: TANQUE SOLITARIO TANQUE DE CUERDA / CLOCKWORK TANK
- Year: Around 1968
- Company: Payva / Payvasa / Pascual y Valls also Geyper (Spain)
- Size: Approx. 25 cm x 14 cm